Sultan Abdullah Ma'ayat Shah was the 7th Sultan of Johor who reigned from 1615 to 1623. Before he became sultan of Johor, Abdullah Ma'ayat Shah was also known as Raja Bongsu, Raja Seberang or Raja di Ilir. According to the testimony of Dutch Admiral Cornelis Matelief de Jonge Raja Bongsu was one of four surviving sons of Raja Ali bin Abdul Jalil (alias Raja Omar) of Johor. The other remaining male (half-) siblings were described by Admiral Matelief as Raja Siak, Raja Laut, and Alauddin Riayat Shah III. The latter ruled as the 6th sultan of Johor between the death of his father Raja Ali Jalla in 1597 and the Acehnese attack on Johor in 1613. In 1603 Raja Bongsu was instrumental in forging the early diplomatic relations with the Dutch by lending assistance to Admiral Jacob van Heemskerk on 25 February 1603 in attacking and plundering the Portuguese carrack, the Santa Catarina, in the Johor River estuary off present-day Singapore. He was also responsible for sending one of the first diplomatic missions of a Malay ruler to the Dutch Republic in the same year. Headed by Megat Mansur, the Johor embassy sailed to Europe on the ships of Admiral van Heemskerk in 1603. Megat Mansur did not survive the voyage, but other members of the Johor embassy did and returned with the fleet under the command of Admiral Cornelis Matelief de Jonge in 1606. In that year, Raja Bongsu formally ratified two treaties with the Dutch (dated 17 May and 23 September 1606) and signed himself as the co-ruler of Johor. He also lent active assistance to Admiral Matelief during his seaborne attack on Portuguese Melaka in or around May 1606. In early 1609 Raja Bongsu received Dutch Admiral Pieter Willemsz Verhoeff at Batu Sawar. On this occasion one of the German officers serving in Verhoeff's fleet, one Johann Verken, described the physical appearance of Raja Bongsu. He wrote that the Raja was "a young man in his 30s ... In his appearance and body a well-proportioned person, rather tall, articulate, and fair-skinned both on his body and on his face."  After the Portuguese had imposed an economically crippling blockade on the Johor River for much of the year 1609, Raja Bongsu was necessitated (through the machinations of his half-brother Raja Siak) to sign a peace treaty with the Portuguese Melaka in October 1610. Described as his personal "fiefdom" by Admiral Matelieff, Raja Bongsu controlled the settlement of Kota Seberang which was located almost straight across the Johor River from the royal administrative center and capital Batu Sawar. He is also said to have controlled areas around the Sambas River on the island of Borneo. In 1613, Raja Bongsu was one of the prisoners taken back to Aceh after the invasion of Johor by sultan Iskandar Muda. He was married to one of Iskandar's sisters, and returned to Johor as the new sultan. Raja Bongsu was subsequently enthroned as Abdullah Ma'ayat Shah of Johor. His half-brother Alauddin Riayat Shah III who had fallen from power at the time of Iskandar Muda's offensive on Johor in 1613 had fled to Lingga and probably died there in or around 1615. In 1618, Abdullah Ma'ayat Shah moved to Lingga and gained the support of Orang Laut and the Dutch to wage a war against Aceh. He later divorced his wife who was also a sister of Iskandar Muda, a move that further angered the sultan. He spent most of his reign as a wanderer, pursued from town to town and island to island by the Acehnese. He died at Tambelan archipelago in March 1623
Monday, 22 December 2014
Friday, 19 December 2014
Setelah menjadi sebuah Kesultanan Makassar, kemudian mereka berusaha untuk mengislamkan berbagai kerajaan di Sulawesi Selatan. Upaya yang dilakukan ini mendapatkan perlawanan dari Kerajaan Bone pada tahun 1528 dan Bone membentuk persekutuan dengan kerajaan-kerajaan kecil lainnya seperti Kerajaan Wajo dan Kerajaan Soppeng. Kemudian persekutuan itu disebut dengan Persekutuan Tellum Pocco (Tiga Kekuasaan). Namun satu persatu kerajaan tersebut berhasil ditaklukkan oleh Kesultanan Makassar. Selain menakhlukkan kerajaan tetangga, mereka memperluas pengaruh hingga ke bagian timur kepulauan Nusa tenggara. Kesultanan Makassar (Gowa-Tallo) sempat menjalin kerja sama dengan kerajaan Islam lainnya, khususnya Kesultanan Mataram di Jawa.  Hingga kini, Islam menjadi agama mayoritas di wilayah Sulawesi Selatan.  Penguasa terbesar dan terakhir dari Kesultanan Makassar adalah Daeng Mattawang yang lebih dikenal dengan nama Sultan Hasannudin (1653-1669).  Di bawah kepemimpinan Hasannudin ini Makassar berkembang menjadi satu kekuatan besar di kawasan timur Nusantara. Sultan Hasannudi berhasil memperluas pengaruh Kerajaan Makassar sampai ke Matos, Bulukamba, Mondar, Sulawesi Utara, Luwu, Butan, Selayar, Sumbawa, dan Lombok. Sultan Hasanuddin juga berhasil mengembangkan pelabuhannya dan menjadi bandar transito di Indonesia bagian timur pada waktu itu. Hasanuddin mendapat julukan Ayam Jantan dari Timur. Karena keberaniannya dan semangat perjuangannya, Makassar menjadi kerajaan besar dan berpengaruh terhadap kerajaan di sekitarnya. Balai kota Makassar. Dalam kurun waktu yang cukup lama, Kesultanan Makassar (Gowa-Tallo) terlibat persaingan dengan Kerajaan Bone. Persaingan antara dua kekuatan tersebut pada akhirnya melibatkan campur tangan dari Belanda dalam sebuah peperangan yang dinamakan Perang Makassar (1660-1669). Belanda yang mempunyai tujuan tertentu yaitu, berusaha memonopoli perdagangan rempah-rempah di pelabuhan Makassar memanfaatkan situasi dengan berpihak pada Kerajaan Bone, sebagai musuh Kesultanan Makassar. Kemudian dalam peperangan Makassar ini Kesultanan Makassar dipimpin langsung oleh Sultan Hasannudin akan tetapi Hasannudin tidak bisa mematahkan kekuatan Kerajaan Bone yang dibantu oleh kekuatan Belanda yang berambisi menguasai Makassar. Kemudian Hasannudin dipaksa oleh VOC untuk menandatangai perjanjian Bungaya (18 November 1667) sebagai tanda takluk kepada VOC.
Kelantan, dari semasa ke semasa, dikunjungi para pedagang dari jauh dan dekat; dari Kepulauan Melayu, Siam, Kemboja, Campa, China, India, Parsi dan Arab. Bukti bahawa Kelantan itu berkuasa luas dan menjadi pusat dagangan ialah wan dinar yang terjumpa di kawasan kota Kubang Labu. Pada dinar itu tertera kata-kata dan angka Arab; ” al Julus Kelantan″ dan di sebelahnya; “Al-Mutawakkil Allallah” Dalam Abad 17 pula Ibnu Batuta Seorang Pengembara Arab telah singgah di satu tempat yang bernama “Kilu Krai” (Kuala Kerai di Ulu Kelantan sekarang) dan bertemu dengan seorang raja perempuan yang bernama Urduja (Saad Shukri 1971). Baginda rupawan gagah perkasa dan beragama islam. dikatakan juga boleh bertutur dalam bahasa Turki
Sultan Sulaiman Shah II Sulaiman Shah II Sultan Kedah ke-12 Tempoh pemerintahan 1602–1625 Didahului oleh Sultan Mudzaffar Shah III Diikuti oleh Sultan Rijaluddin Muhammad Shah Pasangan 1) Che' Ratnamala 2) Tidak diketahui Putera-puteri Sultan Rijaluddin Muhammad Shah Keluarga diraja Kedah Ayahanda Sultan Mudzaffar Shah II Bonda Che' Tempawan Sultan Sulaiman Shah II ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muzaffar Shah adalah Sultan Kedah ke-12. Baginda memerintah dari 1602 hingga 1625. Beliau tewas kepada Sultan Iskandar Muda dari Aceh pada 1619. Baginda berkahwin dengan Che Ranamala, yang memberikannya seorang putera yang kemudian menjadi Sultan Rijaluddin Muhammad Shah. Baginda juga memiliki tiga orang puteri.
Thursday, 27 November 2014
Raja Kechil telah menyerang Johor dengan bantuan angkatan perang Minangkabau. Pada 21 Mac 1718, Raja Kechil telah berjaya menguasai Johor. Akibat daripada perebutan takhta dan peperangan, kemakmuran Johor mulai merosot. Penglibatan Bugis diJohor Apabila Raja Kechil menjadi sultan Johor, Raja Sulaiman, putera Sultan Abdul Jalil Riayat Shah IV, telah membuat pakatan dengan raja Bugis lima bersaudara untuk mengusir Raja Kechil bagi mendapatkan semula kuasa. Pada tahun 1722, Raja Kechil dapat dikalahkan dan Raja Sulaiman ditabalkan menjadi sultan Johor yang baru. Orang Melayu Johor berasa kuasa mereka terhakis manakala orang Bugis pula mempertahankan kedudukan mereka. Pertikaian antara orang Melayu Johor dengan Bugis berterusan apabila hendak melantik sultan yang baru. Pembesar Johor telah meminta bantuan Belanda untuk mengusir orang Bugis dari Riau pada tahun 1784. Pada tahun 1802, orang Bugis kembali semula ke Riau. Persaingan antara orang Melayu Johor dengan orang Bugis berlaku sekali lagi dan tidak dapat diselesaikan. Sementara sultan Johor bersemayan di Lingga, Riau terus dikuasai oleh orang Bugis.
OBVERSE: IN ARABIC SULTAN SULAIMAN SHAH
WEIGHT : 2.45GRAMMES
Bugis Influence In The Johor Kingdom Now the royal Johor kingdom based in Bintan was in a quandary. There is no royal linage left to continue the sultanate. Sultan Mahmud II of Johor was murdered in 1699. The Bendahara at that time was Bendahara Abdul Jalil who was encouraged by the court officials to accede to the throne as Sultan Abdul Jalil IV. However, many locals did not support him as he was not of royal blood. Thus upon ascending the throne, Sultan Abdul Jalil killed all the wives of Sultan Mahmud to avoid any future claims to the throne. Nevertheless one of the wifes, Che Pong managed to escape to Minangkabau and gave birth to Raja Kechil. Then at the age of 20, Raja Kecil from Minangkabau claimed to the rightful heir to the throne of Johor. Raja Kecil initially wanted to hire Daeng Parani and his Bugis brothers stationed in Kuala Selangor to assist him in overthrowing Sultan Abdul Jalil. Later he decided not to engage the Bugis brothers sensing their lust for power. Instead, he assembled a Minangkabau fleet and attacked Riau. He managed to overthrow Sultan Abdul Jalil, who was then made the new Bendahara and sent to Pahang. Raja Kecil then sent an assassin to kill Sultan Abdul Jalil in Pahang. Raja Kecil then acceded the throne of Johor-Riau as Sultan Abdul Jalil Rahmat Shah. Dissatisfied, Raja Sulaiman the 20 year old son of the late Sultan Abdul Jalil, seeked justice and revenge. He enlisted the help of the very same Bugis brothers from Sulawesi, based in Kuala Selangor to attack Riau. He finally managed to dethrone Raja Kecil and acceded the throne as the new sultan of Johor Riau. Raja Kecil managed to escape to Siak in Sumatra and establish a new sultanate there. Raja Sulaiman became Sultan Sulaiman Badrul Alam Shah (Sultan Sulaiman 1). However, he proved to be weak and a puppet to his advisors, the Bugis of Sulawesi who helped him accede to the throne. Daeng Parani and his brothers , Daeng Menambun, Daeng Marewah, Daeng Chelak and Daeng Kemasi, were the real power behind the throne.
Monday, 24 November 2014
This is a tampang coin from Perak Sultanate as early as 16th century. This form of currency is called tin ingot. These ingots were casted of fixed weight and used for all major transactions in the bazaar as a form of currency.The value of each ingot depends upon its weight. By mid 1850's , ingots were gradually replaced by coinages.
Obv : Blank Rev: Blank
Weight : 355 gm Dim : 74 mm
Date : 16-19th century
Rarity : RRR Denom : 1 tampang Material : Tin Reference : SS20
Monday, 17 November 2014
Wednesday, 12 November 2014
Tampang Perak ( Perak Sultanate 16-19th century) This is a tampang coin from Perak Sultanate as early as 16th century. This form of currency is called tin ingot. These ingots were casted of fixed weight and used for all major transactions in the bazaar as a form of currency.The value of each ingot depends upon its weight. By mid 1850's , ingots were gradually replaced by coinages. Obv : An ornamental design of four rosettes based on the tampok manggis Rev: Blank Weight : 1 Kati 131/8 tahils, 1100 gm Height :50mm Dim : 100 x 100 x 50 mm Date : 16-19th century Rarity : RRR Denom : 1 tampang Material : Tin Reference : SS38 The picture shows a solid cast tin ingot in the shape of a pyramid on a flat base. It is approximately 70mm square and weighs close to 630 grams or 1 Kati with a patina typical of old tin. The extended base was cast very thin and much of it has broken off over the years. There is an inscribed cross on top of the pyramid said to be an early sign for Perak. These are variously known as a Tampang, Tin Hat, Pyramid or Pagoda money, although the latter two names are more common in Perak. They are an early form of currency with a value that was calculated against the amount of tin by weight which could be exchanged for one Spanish Silver dollar. There are a number of views as to when the Tampang first became recognised as money, but there is no doubt that these were widely used in the Malay Peninsula, particularly in Perak, Pahang and Selangor, as objects with a defined monetary value. Some experts claim that the first Tampangs date from the 1400s, others opt for the 17th century, but whoever is correct, it is a fact that they are recorded by Museum Negara (Malaysian National Museum) as being minted in Pahang until 1889 and were legal tender there until 1893. These were the hollow variety known as the Tin Hat (rather than solid like this example) and generally featured Jawi script, providing the date of minting. In Perak and to some extent Selangor, Tampangs (more commonly known as Pyramid or Pagoda Money here) are said to have been solid cast like the one pictured and featuring some form of marking on the top to show origin. Later this became more ornamental and sometimes included a flower decoration. It is suggested that they were slowly phased out of general circulation in Selangor and the Straits Settlements once Dutch and then British East India coins became available in these states, Perak of course being the latest due to its remoteness from the Straits Settlements. The final complication regarding dating these items is the way in which they were cast, for as well as solid castings like the one shown, (almost certainly cast in a sand mould) there were also the hollow cast, versions requiring a two-piece brass mould to produce a lighter, more convenient object that could be fitted together or stacked, one inside the other. The latter are generally thought to date from the late 1700s/early 1800s and only in Pahang. Taking all the above into account and the fact that these items were interchangeable across all the Malay states and Sumatra (for tin always had a defined value by weight) we would date this particular Tampang as around 1600 from Perak. The above is a synopsis of a variety of different documents and other sources, including the Muzium Negara publication, "Tin Hat and Animal Money" by Shaw, W., Kassim Haji Ali, M (1970), held in the ipohWorld library.
Sunday, 9 November 2014
UNLISTED TAMPANG PAHANG-1263A.H.(1846) OBVERSE : BASE DECORATED WITH LILY CUPS REVERSE : IN ARABIC "MALIK ALADIL" AND KEPADA TARIKH SANAT 1263 HEIGHT :25 MM BASE : 75MM x 75MM WEIGHT ; 112 GRAMMES COMPOSITION : TIN---UNLISTED---RRR
This huge coin is the famous "tampang" or "tin hat money", issued in the Perak Sultanate in Malaysia. It is an early solid type, dating to ca.1500-1600 AD. It is approximately 76mm by 78mm wide and 40mm tall. It weighs 865 grams or 1/2 Kati with a patina typical of old tin. The extended base was cast very thin and much of it has broken off over the years, as usual. There is a flowery decoration on top of the pyramid said to be an early sign for Perak. These are variously known as a Tampang, Tin Hat, Pyramid or Pagoda money, although the latter two names are more common in Perak. They are an early form of currency with a value that was calculated against the amount of tin by weight which could be exchanged for one Spanish Silver dollar. There are a number of views as to when the Tampang first became recognised as money, but there is no doubt that these were widely used in the Malay Peninsula, particularly in Perak, Pahang and Selangor, as objects with a defined monetary value. Some experts claim that the first Tampangs date from the 1400s, others opt for the 17th century, but whoever is correct, it is a fact that they are recorded by Museum Negara (Malaysian National Museum) as being minted in Pahang until 1889 and were legal tender there until 1893. All the tampangs are extremely rare, most of them being melted down after they were removed from circulation. This type is Sarah Singh #24
Friday, 31 October 2014
OBVERSE: THE BASE OF PLINTH IS DECORATED WITH A SIMPLE FLORAL DESIGN REVERSE : IN JAWI "MALIK ALADIL TARIKH KEPADA BULAN REJAB SANAT 1295" REF: SARAN SS20 COMPOSITION : TIN
Sultan of Pahang is the title of the constitutional head of Pahang, Malaysia. The current sultan is Ahmad Shah. He is the Head of the Islam in the state and the source of all titles, honours and dignities in the state. History After the Srivijaya empire collapsed, around the 1000, Pahang was claimed first by Majapahit, Siam, and then by Sultanate of Malacca. Pahang was fought over by the Portuguese, the Dutch, Johor, and Aceh for most of the 16th century. During this time, its population was mostly killed or enslaved, its rulers murdered and its economy ruined. After the decline of Aceh in the mid-17th century, Pahang came under the rule of Johor. However, Sultans of Pahang, descended from the Malacca and the Bendahara Johor royal dynasties, have ruled the state almost continuously from 1470, and gradually recovered a great degree of autonomy. As the Johor Empire was falling apart with the loss of the Riau-Lingga territories, Temenggung Ibrahim of Johor understood this situation and quickly signed a treaty with Bendahara Tun Mutahir of Pahang in 1861. The treaty recognizes the territories of Johor (mainland), the Temenggung and his descendent's right to rule it, mutual protection and mutual recognitions of Pahang and Johor. With the signing of this treaty, the remnants of the Empire became 2 independent states, Johor and Pahang. From 1858 to 1863, Pahang was fought over in a civil war between the two sons of the reigning Bendahara of Pahang. The war ended when Wan Ahmad was proclaimed the new sultan in 1887, but his role from that point onward was largely ceremonial, as the British forced him to sign a treaty bringing the country under control of a British Residen
Sunday, 28 September 2014
Sultan Muhammad Shah (1424–1444) was the third sultan of Malacca. He is the son of Megat Iskandar Shah (Sultan of Malacca). He ruled Malacca from 1424 to 1444. He was succeeded by Sultan Abu Syahid. He was popularly known as Raja Tengah or Radin Tengah. At first he took the title Seri Maharaja, but then he converted to Islam, because of the possibility of marriage with the daughter of Tamil Muslims. He had two sons, Raja Kassim and Raja Ibrahim.