Wednesday, 12 November 2014

TAMPANG PERAK

Tampang Perak ( Perak Sultanate 16-19th century) This is a tampang coin from Perak Sultanate as early as 16th century. This form of currency is called tin ingot. These ingots were casted of fixed weight and used for all major transactions in the bazaar as a form of currency.The value of each ingot depends upon its weight. By mid 1850's , ingots were gradually replaced by coinages. Obv : An ornamental design of four rosettes based on the tampok manggis Rev: Blank Weight : 1 Kati 131/8 tahils, 1100 gm Height :50mm Dim : 100 x 100 x 50 mm Date : 16-19th century Rarity : RRR Denom : 1 tampang Material : Tin Reference : SS38 The picture shows a solid cast tin ingot in the shape of a pyramid on a flat base. It is approximately 70mm square and weighs close to 630 grams or 1 Kati with a patina typical of old tin. The extended base was cast very thin and much of it has broken off over the years. There is an inscribed cross on top of the pyramid said to be an early sign for Perak. These are variously known as a Tampang, Tin Hat, Pyramid or Pagoda money, although the latter two names are more common in Perak. They are an early form of currency with a value that was calculated against the amount of tin by weight which could be exchanged for one Spanish Silver dollar. There are a number of views as to when the Tampang first became recognised as money, but there is no doubt that these were widely used in the Malay Peninsula, particularly in Perak, Pahang and Selangor, as objects with a defined monetary value. Some experts claim that the first Tampangs date from the 1400s, others opt for the 17th century, but whoever is correct, it is a fact that they are recorded by Museum Negara (Malaysian National Museum) as being minted in Pahang until 1889 and were legal tender there until 1893. These were the hollow variety known as the Tin Hat (rather than solid like this example) and generally featured Jawi script, providing the date of minting. In Perak and to some extent Selangor, Tampangs (more commonly known as Pyramid or Pagoda Money here) are said to have been solid cast like the one pictured and featuring some form of marking on the top to show origin. Later this became more ornamental and sometimes included a flower decoration. It is suggested that they were slowly phased out of general circulation in Selangor and the Straits Settlements once Dutch and then British East India coins became available in these states, Perak of course being the latest due to its remoteness from the Straits Settlements. The final complication regarding dating these items is the way in which they were cast, for as well as solid castings like the one shown, (almost certainly cast in a sand mould) there were also the hollow cast, versions requiring a two-piece brass mould to produce a lighter, more convenient object that could be fitted together or stacked, one inside the other. The latter are generally thought to date from the late 1700s/early 1800s and only in Pahang. Taking all the above into account and the fact that these items were interchangeable across all the Malay states and Sumatra (for tin always had a defined value by weight) we would date this particular Tampang as around 1600 from Perak. The above is a synopsis of a variety of different documents and other sources, including the Muzium Negara publication, "Tin Hat and Animal Money" by Shaw, W., Kassim Haji Ali, M (1970), held in the ipohWorld library.

Sunday, 9 November 2014

TAMPANG PAHANG-ONE TWENTY FIFTH DOLLAR TAMPANG 1263A.H.(1846)

UNLISTED TAMPANG PAHANG-1263A.H.(1846) OBVERSE : BASE DECORATED WITH LILY CUPS REVERSE : IN ARABIC "MALIK ALADIL" AND KEPADA TARIKH SANAT 1263 HEIGHT :25 MM BASE : 75MM x 75MM WEIGHT ; 112 GRAMMES COMPOSITION : TIN---UNLISTED---RRR

TAMPANG PERAK

This huge coin is the famous "tampang" or "tin hat money", issued in the Perak Sultanate in Malaysia. It is an early solid type, dating to ca.1500-1600 AD. It is approximately 76mm by 78mm wide and 40mm tall. It weighs 865 grams or 1/2 Kati with a patina typical of old tin. The extended base was cast very thin and much of it has broken off over the years, as usual. There is a flowery decoration on top of the pyramid said to be an early sign for Perak. These are variously known as a Tampang, Tin Hat, Pyramid or Pagoda money, although the latter two names are more common in Perak. They are an early form of currency with a value that was calculated against the amount of tin by weight which could be exchanged for one Spanish Silver dollar. There are a number of views as to when the Tampang first became recognised as money, but there is no doubt that these were widely used in the Malay Peninsula, particularly in Perak, Pahang and Selangor, as objects with a defined monetary value. Some experts claim that the first Tampangs date from the 1400s, others opt for the 17th century, but whoever is correct, it is a fact that they are recorded by Museum Negara (Malaysian National Museum) as being minted in Pahang until 1889 and were legal tender there until 1893. All the tampangs are extremely rare, most of them being melted down after they were removed from circulation. This type is Sarah Singh #24

Friday, 31 October 2014

PAHANG QUARTER TAMPANG- 1281A.H. (1864)

OBVERSE: THE BASE OF PLINTH IS DECORATED WITH A SIMPLE FLORAL DESIGN REVERSE : IN JAWI "MALIK ALADIL TARIKH KEPADA BULAN REJAB SANAT 1295" REF: SARAN SS20 COMPOSITION : TIN Sultan of Pahang is the title of the constitutional head of Pahang, Malaysia. The current sultan is Ahmad Shah. He is the Head of the Islam in the state and the source of all titles, honours and dignities in the state. History After the Srivijaya empire collapsed, around the 1000, Pahang was claimed first by Majapahit, Siam, and then by Sultanate of Malacca. Pahang was fought over by the Portuguese, the Dutch, Johor, and Aceh for most of the 16th century. During this time, its population was mostly killed or enslaved, its rulers murdered and its economy ruined. After the decline of Aceh in the mid-17th century, Pahang came under the rule of Johor. However, Sultans of Pahang, descended from the Malacca and the Bendahara Johor royal dynasties, have ruled the state almost continuously from 1470, and gradually recovered a great degree of autonomy. As the Johor Empire was falling apart with the loss of the Riau-Lingga territories, Temenggung Ibrahim of Johor understood this situation and quickly signed a treaty with Bendahara Tun Mutahir of Pahang in 1861.[1] The treaty recognizes the territories of Johor (mainland), the Temenggung and his descendent's right to rule it, mutual protection and mutual recognitions of Pahang and Johor. With the signing of this treaty, the remnants of the Empire became 2 independent states, Johor and Pahang. From 1858 to 1863, Pahang was fought over in a civil war between the two sons of the reigning Bendahara of Pahang. The war ended when Wan Ahmad was proclaimed the new sultan in 1887, but his role from that point onward was largely ceremonial, as the British forced him to sign a treaty bringing the country under control of a British Residen

Sunday, 28 September 2014

SULTAN MUHAMMAD SHAH-MALACCA SULTANATE COIN 1424-1444

Sultan Muhammad Shah (1424–1444) was the third sultan of Malacca. He is the son of Megat Iskandar Shah (Sultan of Malacca). He ruled Malacca from 1424 to 1444. He was succeeded by Sultan Abu Syahid. He was popularly known as Raja Tengah or Radin Tengah. At first he took the title Seri Maharaja, but then he converted to Islam, because of the possibility of marriage with the daughter of Tamil Muslims. He had two sons, Raja Kassim and Raja Ibrahim.

Monday, 15 September 2014

KOLEKSI - KEDAH TRA

SS 18 OBVERSE : A TWELVE RAYED STAR REVERSE : IN ARABIC " BELANJA BALAD KEDAH DARUL AMAN" COMPOSITION : TIN RARE