Thursday, 24 April 2014

NEGERI PERAK TIN COIN

KERAJAAN TIDONG - PENGERAN DIPATI YANG MAHA MULIA

Kerajaan Tidung Wilayah kerajaan Tidung, Kalimantan Timur Berdiri 1551-1916 Didahului oleh Kerajaan Tidung kuno Digantikan oleh Tarakan Ibu kota Kota Tarakan Bahasa Tidung Agama Islam Kerajaan Tidung[1] atau dikenal pula dengan nama Kerajaan Tarakan (Kalkan/Kalka) adalah kerajaan yang memerintah Suku Tidung di utara Kalimantan Timur, yang berkedudukan di Pulau Tarakan dan berakhir di Salimbatu. Sebelumnya terdapat dua kerajaan di kawasan ini, selain Kerajaan Tidung, terdapat pula Kesultanan Bulungan yang berkedudukan di Tanjung Palas. Berdasarkan silsilah (Genealogy) yang ada bahwa, bahwa di pesisir timur pulau Tarakan yakni, di kawasan binalatung sudah ada Kerajaan Tidung kuno (The Ancient Kingdom of Tidung), kira-kira tahun 1076-1156. Kemudian berpindah ke pesisir barat pulau Tarakan yakni, di kawasan Tanjung Batu, kira-kira pada tahun 1156-1216. Lalu bergeser lagi, tetapi tetap di pesisir barat yakni, ke kawasan sungai bidang kira-kira pada tahun 1216-1394. Setelah itu berpindah lagi, yang relatif jauh dari pulau Tarakan yakni, ke kawasan Pimping bagian barat dan kawasan Tanah Kuning, yakni, sekitar tahun 1394-1557. Riwayat tentang kerajaan maupun pemimpin (Raja) yang pernah memerintah dikalangan suku Tidung terbagi dari beberapa tempat yang sekarang sudah terpisah menjadi beberapa daerah Kabupaten antara lain Kabupaten Bulungan (Salimbatu, Kecamatan Tanjung Palas Tengah), (Malinau Kota, Kabupaten Malinau]]), Sesayap, Kabupaten Tana Tidung, (Sembakung, Kabupaten Nunukan , (Kota Tarakan) dan lain-lain hingga ke daerah Sabah (Malaysia) bagian selatan. Dari riwayat-riwayat yang terdapat dikalangan suku Tidung tentang kerajaan yang pernah ada dan dapat dikatakan yang paling tua di antara riwayat lainnya yaitu dari Menjelutung di Sungai Sesayap dengan rajanya yang terakhir bernama Benayuk. Berakhirnya zaman kerajaan Menjelutung karena ditimpa malapetaka berupa hujan ribut dan angin topan yang sangat dahsyat sehingga mengakibatkan perkampungan di situ runtuh dan tenggelam ke dalam air (sungai) berikut warganya. Peristiwa tersebut di kalangan suku Tidung disebut Gasab yang kemudian menimbulkan berbagai mitos tentang Benayuk dari Menjelutung. Dari beberapa sumber didapatkan riwayat tentang masa pemerintahan Benayuk yang berlangsung sekitar 35 musim. Perhitungan musim tersebut adalah berdasarkan hitungan hari bulan (purnama) yang dalam semusim terdapat 12 purnama. Dari itu maka hitungan musim dapat disamakan +kurang lebih dengan tahun Hijriah. Apabila dirangkaikan dengan riwayat tentang beberapa tokoh pemimpin (Raja) yang dapat diketahui lama masa pemerintahan dan keterkaitannya dengan Benayuk, maka diperkirakan tragedi di Menjelutung tersebut terjadi pada sekitaran awal abad XI. Kelompok-kelompok suku Tidung pada zaman kerajaan Menjelutung belumlah seperti apa yang terdapat sekarang ini, sebagaimana diketahui bahwa dikalangan suku Tidung yang ada di Kalimantan timur sekarang terdapat 4 (empat) kelompok dialek bahasa Tidung, yaitu : Dialek bahas Tidung Malinau Dialek bahasa Tidung Sembakung. Dialek bahas Tidung Sesayap. Dialek bahas Tidung Tarakan yang biasa pula disebut Tidung Tengara yang kebanyakan bermukim di daerah air asin. Dari adanya beberapa dialek bahasa Tidung yang merupakan kelompok komunitas berikut lingkungan sosial budayanya masing-masing, maka tentulah dari kelompok-kelompok dimaksud memiliki pemimpin masing-masing. Sebagaimana diriwayatkan kemudian bahwa setelah kerajaan Benayuk di Menjelutung runtuh maka anak keturunan beserta warga yang selamat berpindah dan menyebar kemudian membangun pemukiman baru. Salah seorang dari keturunan Benayuk yang bernama Kayam selaku pemimpin dari pemukiman di Linuang Kayam (Kampung si Kayam) yang merupakan cikal bakal dari pemimpin (raja-raja) di Pulau Mandul, Sembakung dan Lumbis. Daftar Silsilah Raja-Raja Tidung Raja-raja dari Kerajaan Tidung Kuno Kerajaan Tidung Kuno adalah Suatu Pemerintahan yang dipimpin oleh seorang Raja, dimana pusat pemerintahan selalu berpindah-pindah dengan wilayah yang kecil/kampung. Benayuk dari sungai Sesayap, Menjelutung (Masa Pemerintahan ± 35 Musim) Berakhirnya zaman kerajaan Menjelutung karena ditimpa malapetaka berupa hujan ribut dan angin topan yang sangat dahsyat sehingga mengakibatkan perkampungan di situ runtuh dan tenggelam ke dalam air (sungai) berikut warganya. Peristiwa tersebut di kalangan suku Tidung disebut Gasab yang kemudian menimbulkan berbagai mitos tentang Benayuk dari Menjelutung. Yamus (Si Amus) (Masa Pemerintahan ± 44 Musim) Selang 15 (lima belas) musim setelah Menjelutung runtuh seorang keturunan Benayuk yang bernama Yamus (Si Amus) yang bermukim di Liyu Maye mengangkat diri sebagai raja yang kemudian memindahkan pusat pemukiman ke Binalatung (Tarakan). Yamus memerintah selama 44 (empat puluh empat) musim, setelah wafat Yamus digantikan oleh salah seorang cucunya yang bernama Ibugang (Aki Bugang). Ibugang (Aki Bugang) Ibugang beristrikan Ilawang (Adu Lawang) beranak tiga orang. Dari ketiga anak ini hanya seorang yang tetap tinggal di Binalatung yaitu bernama Itara, yang satu ke Betayau dan yang satu lagi ke Penagar. Itara (Lebih kurang 29 Musim) Itara memerintah selama 29 (dua puluh sembilan) musim. Setelah wafat Anak keturunan Itara yang bernama Ikurung kemudian meneruskan pemerintahan dan memerintah selama 25 (dua puluh lima) musim Ikurung (Lebih kurang 25 Musim) Ikurung beristrikan Puteri Kurung yang beranakkan Ikarang yang kemudian menggantikan ayahnya yang telah wafat. Ikarang (Lebih kurang 35 Musim), di Tanjung Batu (Tarakan). Ikarang memerintah selama 35 (tiga puluh lima) musim di Tanjung Batu (Tarakan). Karangan (Lebih kurang Musim) Karangan yang bristrikan Puteri Kayam (Puteri dari Linuang Kayam) yang kemudian beranakkan Ibidang. Ibidang (Lebih kurang Musim) Bengawan (Lebih kurang 44 Musim) Diriwayatkan sebagai seorang raja yang tegas dan bijaksana dan wilayah kekuasaannya di pesisir melebihi batas wilayah pesisir Kabupaten Bulungan sekarang yaitu dari Tanjung Mangkaliat di selatan kemudian ke utara sampai di Kudat (Sabah, Malaysia). Diriwayatkan pula bahwa Raja Bengawan sudah menganut Agama Islam dan memerintah selama 44 (empat puluh empat) musim. Setelah Bengawan wafat ia digantikan oleh puteranya yang bernama Itambu Itambu (Lebih kurang 20 Musim) Aji Beruwing Sakti (Lebih kurang 30 Musim) Aji Surya Sakti (Lebih kurang 30 Musim) Aji Pengiran Kungun (Lebih kurang 25 Musim) Aji nata Djaya (Kurang 20 Musim) Pengiran Tempuad (Lebih kurang 34 Musim) Pengiran Tempuad kemudian kawin dengan raja perempuan suku Kayan di Sungai Pimping bernama Ilahai. Aji Iram Sakti (Lebih kurang 25 Musim) di Pimping, Bulungan Aji Iram Sakti mempunyai anak perempuan yang bernama Adu Idung. Setelah Aji Iram Sakti wafat kemudian digantikan oleh kemanakannya yang bernama Aji Baran Sakti yang beristrikan Adu Idung. Dari perkawinan ini lahirlah Datoe Mancang Aji Baran Sakti (Lebih kurang 20 Musim). Datoe Mancang (Lebih kurang 49 Musim) Diriwayatkan bahwa masa pemerintahan Datoe Mancang adalah yang paling lama yaitu 49 (empat puluh sembilan) musim Abang Lemanak (Lebih kurang 20 Musim), di Baratan, Bulungan Setelah Abang Lemanak wafat, ia kemudian digantikan oleh adik bungsunya yang bernama Ikenawai (seorang wanita). Ikenawai bergelar Ratu Ulam Sari (Lebih kurang 15 Musim) Ikenawai bersuamikan Datoe Radja Laut keturunan Radja Suluk bergelar Sultan Abdurrasid. Dinasti Tengara Dahulu kala kaum suku Tidung yang bermukim di pulau Tarakan, populer juga dengan sebutan kaum Tengara, oleh karena mereka mempunyai pemimpin yang telah melahirkan Dynasty Tengara. Berdasarkan silsilah (Genealogy) yang ada bahwa, bahwa di pesisir timur pulau Tarakan yakni, di kawasan binalatung sudah ada Kerajaan Tidung kuno (The Ancient Kingdom of Tidung), kira-kira tahun 1076-1156. Kemudian berpindah ke pesisir barat pulau Tarakan yakni, di kawasan Tanjung Batu, kira-kira pada tahun 1156-1216. Lalu bergeser lagi, tetapi tetap di pesisir barat yakni, ke kawasan sungai bidang kira-kira pada tahun 1216-1394. Setelah itu berpindah lagi, yang relatif jauh dari pulau Tarakan yakni, ke kawasan Pimping bagian barat dan kawasan Tanah Kuning, yakni, sekitar tahun 1394-1557. Kerajaan Dari Dynasty Tengara ini pertama kali bertakhta kira-kira mulai pada tahun 1557-1571 berlokasi di kawasan Pamusian wilayah Tarakan Timur. Raja-raja dari Dinasti Tengara Amiril Rasyd Gelar Datoe Radja Laoet (1557-1571) Amiril Pengiran Dipati I (1571-1613) Amiril Pengiran Singa Laoet (1613-1650) Amiril Pengiran Maharajalila I (1650-1695) Amiril Pengiran Maharajalila II (1695-1731) Amiril Pengiran Dipati II (1731-1765) Amiril Pengiran Maharajadinda (1765-1782) Amiril Pengiran Maharajalila III (1782-1817) Amiril Tadjoeddin (1817-1844) Amiril Pengiran Djamaloel Kiram (1844-1867) Ratoe Intan Doera/Datoe Maoelana (1867-1896), Datoe Jaring gelar Datoe Maoelana adalah putera Sultan Bulungan Muhammad Kaharuddin (II) Datoe Adil (1896-1916)

Tuesday, 15 April 2014

MALACCA-SULTANATE - SULTAN ALAUDDIN IBNI MANSUR SHAH 1477-1488

Alauddin Riayat Shah Sultan of Malacca Reign Malacca Sultanate: 1477 – 1488 Predecessor Mansur Shah Successor Mahmud Shah Wives Raja Fatimah(his cousin) Tun Senaja (niece of temenggung seri maharaja) Father Mansur Shah Alauddin Riayat Shah was a sultan of the Malacca Sultanate from 1477 to 1488. He was famous for going undercover at night to personally check on the well-being of his people, as well as on the condition of his sultanate itself. On one of these nights he was even reported to have run after a thief himself. He was a very good and religious ruler and is renowned to be a fair king. But his position is envied by his brother, Raja Ahmad (the ruler of Pahang, a region under Malaccan rule), because Raja Ahmad believed that the rulership of Malacca was his right. Sultan Alauddin had many enemies, both within and outside of his court. He had a total of four children, two from each of his two wives, and this has led to his wives squabbling over the heirship to his throne. The sultan's second wife is from Indian Muslim descent. During this period, Sultan Alaudin has been facing problems with the mamak people, who were beginning to grow in power in comparison to Malays. His first advisor, Bendahara Seri Maharaja (equivalent to the modern-day prime minister) was also of mamak blood. After 11 years on the throne, Sultan Alauddin was reported in history to have died of mysterious causes. Other accounts suggest that he was poisoned in a conspiracy primarily involving Raja Ahmad, Bendahara Seri Maharaja and Tun Senaja, his second wife. His son, Raja Mahmud and his brother-in-law Raja Merlang (Tun Senaja's brother) was also thought to be involved. After his demise, the rulership went to Raja Mahmud, whom he fathered with his Tun Senaja, and denying Raja Munawar, Sultan Alaudin's firstborn son with his first wife Raja Fatimah, who was widely thought to be the true successor to the throne. In any case, the mamak bloodline finally gained control over the Malaccan Empire. However, it was not long before the Portuguese invasion came in 1511, the aftermath of which ended the Sultanate rule over the Malacca.

MALACCA-SULTANATE SULTAN AHMAD IBNU MAHMUD SHAH 1510

Sultan Ahmad Shah of Malacca (died 1513) was a sultan of what is now Malaya. The son of Sultan Mahmud Shah, Ahmad Shah's rule began in 1511 when his father stepped aside. It ended in 1513 when he died during the kingdom's war with Portugal: His father stabbed him after failing the attack to conquer Malacca. He was succeeded in rule by his father. Sultan Ahmad Shah was also involved in the Putri Gunung Ledang Myth where the putri requested a bowl of Raja Ahmad's blood in order to marry her. Malacca sultanate The Sultanate of Malacca كسلطانن ملايو ملاك Kesultanan Melayu Melaka 1400–1511 ↓ The extent of the Sultanate in the 15th century Capital Malacca Languages Malay language Religion Islam Government Monarchy Sultan - 1400–1414 Iskandar Shah - 1414–1424 Megat Iskandar Shah - 1424–1444 Muhammad Shah - 1444–1446 Abu Syahid Shah - 1446–1459 Muzaffar Shah - 1459–1477 Mansur Shah - 1477–1488 Alauddin Riayat Shah - 1488–1511 Mahmud Shah - 1511–1513 Ahmad Shah Bendahara - 1400–1412 (first) Tun Perpatih Permuka Berjajar - 1445–1456 Tun Ali - 1456–1498 Tun Perak - 1500–1510 Tun Mutahir - 1510–1511 Paduka Tuan History - Established 1400 - Portuguese invasion 1511 Currency :- Tin ingot, native gold and silver coins The Malacca Sultanate (Malay: Kesultanan Melayu Melaka; Jawi script: كسلطانن ملايو ملاك) was a Malay sultanate centered in the modern-day state of Malacca, Malaysia. Conventional historical thesis marks circa 1400 as the founding year of the sultanate by a renegade Malay Raja of Singapura, Iskandar Shah, who was also known in certain accounts as "Parameswara". At the height of the sultanate's power in the 15th century, its capital grew into one of the most important entrepots of its time, with territory covering much of the Malay Peninsula, Riau Islands and a significant portion of the east coast of Sumatra.[1] As a bustling international trading port, Malacca emerged as a center for Islamic learning and dissemination, and encouraged the development of the Malay language, literature and arts. It heralded the golden age of Malay sultanates in the archipelago, in which Classical Malay became the lingua franca of the Maritime Southeast Asia and Jawi script became the primary medium for cultural, religious and intellectual exchange. It is through these intellectual, spiritual and cultural developments, the Malaccan era witnessed the enculturation of a Malay identity,[2][3] the Malayisation of the region and the subsequent formation of an Alam Melayu.[4] In 1511, the capital of Malacca fell to the Portuguese Empire, forcing the last Sultan, Mahmud Shah (r. 1488–1511), to retreat to the further reaches of his empire, where his progeny established new ruling dynasties, Johor and Perak. The legacy of the sultanate remained, with significance lies in its far-reaching political and cultural legacy, which, arguably, continues to be felt in modern times. For centuries, Malacca has been held up as an exemplar of Malay-Muslim civilization. It established systems of trade, diplomacy, and governance that persisted well into the 19th century, and introduced concepts such as daulat – a distinctly Malay notion of sovereignty – that continues to shape contemporary understanding of Malay kingship.[

Tuesday, 25 February 2014

SULTAN MUZAFFAR SHAH II (1546-1570) - VERY RARE KUPANG JOHOR

Sultan Muzaffar Shah II (1546–1570) was the second Sultan of Johor. He was known as Raja Muda Perdana before he succeeded the throne. He was installed to the throne of Johor in 1564 by the Acehnese upon the death of his father, Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah II, who died shortly after he was captured and brought back to Aceh after the Acehnese invasion of Johor. Muzaffar II moved his capital to Seluyut in 1565 from Johor Lama to assert his independence from the Acehnese. He died in 1570 of poison and was succeeded by Sultan Abdul Jalil Shah I. PERSONAL LIFE He had three wives, which was not uncommon among Muslim rulers at the time. His first wife was Tun Mas Jiwa, daughter of the temenggung, Tun Hassan. His second wife was Tun Trang, daughter of Tun Ali, Seri Nara Diraja of Pahang and Tun Fatimah. Tun Trang bore him two sons, Abdul Jalil I and Raja Radin. His third wife was the former wife of Sultan Ali Jalla Abdul Jalil Shah II and daughter of Sultan Husain Ali Riayat Shah of Aceh.

Monday, 24 February 2014

SULTAN MAHMUD SHAH II 1685-1699- KUPANG JOHOR

Paduka Sri Sultan Mahmud Shah II ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ibrahim Shah was the 10th Sultan of Johor, Pahang and Lingga (1685 – 3 September 1699). Born in 1675, he was the last in line of a dynasty of the Sultanate of Johor (founded by his grandfather, Sultan Alauddin Ri'ayat Shah II) descended from the Sultans of Melaka (Malacca). As he was still a young boy when his father Sultan Ibrahim died (16 February 1685), Sultan Mahmud II reigned under the joint regency of his mother and the Bendahara Paduka Raja until the death of the latter (27 July 1697). He had several wives and is said to have slain any of them to have the misfortune of becoming pregnant. Perhaps this could have been the result of his fear that the birth of a son would enable rivals to depose him. After all, he himself came to power at a young age through a palace conspiracy that led to the poisoning of his father Sultan Ibrahim by his wives. Sultan Mahmud Shah II is famously known as "Sultan Mahmud Mangkat Dijulang". The name Mangkat Dijulang was given in remembrance of the way he was killed (mangkat being the Malay word referring specifically to a royal death) while being carried (dijulang) in a royal litter or dais. On his way back from Friday prayers, he was assassinated by one of his military chiefs. This military chief, Laksamana Megat Sri Rama (hailing from Bintan), was enraged The famous legend behind the murder of Sultan Mahmud Shah II is recounted in the 19th century Malay chronicle, the Tuhfat al-Nafis. Based on this story, he is mostly remembered for his decadence and cruelty, marking a shameful end to his dynasty. Sultan Mahmud was buried in a village near Kota Tinggi in Johor, which is still known today as Kampung Makam (Village of the Tomb). Legend has it that before he died, he lay a curse on Kota Tinggi, forbidding any sons of Bintan from entering the city for all time. After his death, his Bendahara (chief minister)Abdul Jalil declared himself the next Sultan of Johor. Upon ascending the throne, the new Sultan (Abdul Jalil IV) killed all the wives of Sultan Mahmud in order to avoid the possibility of any future claims to the throne. However, according to the Hikayat Negeri Johor (Chronicles of the State of Johor)and the Pahang Manuscripts, one wife, Che Mi, managed to escape to Minangkabau and gave birth to Raja Kechil. Less than two decades later in 1717, Raja Kechil would assemble a fleet from Minangkabau and succeed temporarily in ousting Sultan Abdul Jalil's successor Sultan Sulaiman and gain the Johor Sultanate, basing his legitimacy on the claim that he was the post-humous son of Sultan Mahmud Shah II. However, Bugis mercenaries that assisted him in this campaign changed sides and he was eventually forced to flee to Siak, where he founded a new Sultanate.

Sunday, 23 February 2014

SULTAN ALAUDDIN II - JOHOR KUPANG DOUBLE STRIKES

These double strikes Gold coin were impressed on the obverse Sultan Alauddin II and on the reverse with his honorific title "KHALIFATUL MUMININ". As all the Johor Gold coinge have no date. THIS IS MY BEST COLLECTION