Monday, 20 February 2017

PITIS TIMAH KELANTAN







MUKA DEPAN/OBVERSE : KHALIFATUL MUKMININ / Rules Of The Faithful -tulisan terbalik -Retrogrades
MUKA BELAKANG/REVERSE : KHALIFATUL MUKMININ / Rules Of The Faithful -tulisan terbalik -Retrogrades
UKURAN/DIAMETER : 24-27mm

KANDUNGAN/COMPOSITION : TIMAH/TIN

RUJUKAN/REF : R5

PITIS TIMAH KELANTAN




MUKA DEPAN/OBVERSE : KHALIFATUL MUKMININ/Rules Of The Faithful -tulisan terbalik -the inscription retrogrades.

MUKA BELAKANG/REVERSE : KHALIFATUL MUKMININ tulisan biasa dan Mukminin tulisan terbalik /Retrogrades

UKURAN : 24-27mm

KANDUNGAN/COMPOSITION : TIMAH/TIN

RUJUKAN/REF : R4

PITIS TIMAH KELANTAN








MUKA DEPAN/OBVERSE : KHALIFATUL MININ

MUKA BELAKANG/REVERSE : KHALIFATUL MUKMININ/ Rules Of The Faithful  tulisan terbalik/Rerogrades

UKURAN /DIAMETER : 24-27mm

KANDUNGAN/COMPOSITION : TIMAH/TIN

RUJUKAN/REF : R3

PITIS TIMAH KELANTAN







 MUKA DEPAN/OBVERSE " KHALIFATUL MUKMININ (Rules Of The Faithful) huruf yang terakhir   terdapat ukiran ekor ikan /The end of some of the characters end with a fish tail

MUKA BELAKANG/REVERSE :  KHALIFATUL MUKMININ (Rules Of The Faithful) huruf yang terakhir   terdapat ukiran ekor ikan /The end of some of the characters end with a fish tail

UKURAN/DIAMETER : 25mm

KANDUNGAN/COMPOSITION : TIMAH/TIN

RUJUKAN/REF : R2

PITIS TIMAH KELANTAN



MUKA DEPAN/OBVERSE  :  KHALIFATUL MUKMININ /Rules Of The Faithful

MUKA BELAKANG/REVERSE : KHALIFATUL MUKMININ/Rules Of The Faithful

UKURUAN/DIAMETER :22-24-26-27-29mm

KANDUNGAN/COMPOSITION : TIMAH /TIN

RUJUKAN/REF : R1

Thursday, 16 February 2017

SPANISH DOLLAR - Origin Of The "$" Symbol

The real de a ocho, also known as the Spanish dollar, the eight-real coin, or the piece of eight (Spanish peso de ocho), is a silver coin, of approximately 38 mm diameter, worth eight reales, that was minted in the Spanish Empire after 1598. Its purpose was to correspond to the German thaler.
The Spanish dollar was widely used by many countries as the first international currency because of its uniformity in standard and milling characteristics. Some countries countersigned the Spanish dollar so it could be used as their local currency.[1]
The Spanish dollar was the coin upon which the original United States dollar was based, and it remained legal tender in the United States until the Coinage Act of 1857. Because it was widely used in Europe, the Americas, and the Far East, it became the first world currency by the late 18th century.[2][3] Aside from the U.S. dollar, several other currencies, such as the Canadian dollar, the Japanese yen, the Chinese yuan, the Philippine peso, and several currencies in the rest of the Americas, were initially based on the Spanish dollar and other 8-real coins.[citation needed] Diverse theories link the origin of the "$" symbol to the columns and stripes that appear on one side of the Spanish dollar.[4]
The term peso was used in Spanish to refer to this denomination, and it became the basis for many of the currencies in the former Spanish colonies, including the Argentine, Bolivian, Chilean, Colombian, Costa Rican, Cuban, Dominican, Ecuadorian, Guatemalan, Honduran, Mexican, Nicaraguan, Paraguayan, Philippine, Puerto Rican, Peruvian, Salvadoran, Uruguayan, and Venezuelan pesos.
Millions of Spanish dollars were minted over the course of several centuries. They were among the most widely circulating coins of the colonial period in the Americas, and were still in use in North America and in South-East Asia in the 19th century.


Monday, 30 January 2017

PORTUGUESE MALACCA COINS BASTARDO -1511 first issue

PORTUGUESE, Malacca, Manuel I (1495-1521), tin bastardo, first issue (1511) (43.48 g), 39mm., obv. D M P R DE PV SOR DIE MALA, armillary sphere, rev. CRVX XPI NOSTRE SPES VNICA, cross of christ, (SS M.11, Vaz E.1.16, Gomez [p.116 noted R2 and large colour plate]). Very fine and rare. This large and attractive coin was only known through documentary evidence until the beginning of the 20th century, when several examples appeared during dredging of the Malacca river. Since that time, more have been found at excavation sites and completely unknown types of Portuguese coins have appeared. There are believed to have been at least three issues of these bastardos of 10 solidus or 100 dinheiros noted in descending order according to weight and diameter. This specimen belongs to the earliest minting ordered by Alfonso de Albuquerque which have a diameter of 39-44mm and a weight of 46-56 grams. They were later reduced to 35mm and 35 grams.